Disclosure Date: August 09, 2019 (last updated February 13, 2020)
This vulnerability can be triggered by a specially crafted IP packet sent to the target device, even as a broadcast or multicast packet. It does not require any specific application or configuration to be running on the device, and it affects any device running VxWorks v6.9.4 or above with a network connection. The vulnerability causes a stack overflow in the handling of IP options in the IPv4 header, making it easy to reach RCE by it.
[Amnesia:33](https://www.forescout.com/company/resources/amnesia33-how-tcp-ip-stacks-breed-critical-vulnerabilities-in-iot-ot-and-it-devices/) is a group of 33 vulnerabilities in open-source TCP/IP stack libraries. The vulnerabilities may be present in a wide range of operational technology, IoT, and connected device implementations.
Some mod_proxy configurations on Apache HTTP Server versions 2.4.0 through 2.4.55 allow a HTTP Request Smuggling attack.
Configurations are affected when mod_proxy is enabled along with some form of RewriteRule
or ProxyPassMatch in which a non-specific pattern matches
some portion of the user-supplied request-target (URL) data and is then
re-inserted into the proxied request-target using variable
substitution. For example, something like:
RewriteRule "^/here/(.*)" "http://example.com:8080/elsewhere?$1"; [P]
ProxyPassReverse /here/ http://example.com:8080/
Request splitting/smuggling could result in bypass of access controls in the proxy server, proxying unintended URLs to existing origin servers, and cache poisoning. Users are recommended to update to at least version 2.4.56 of Apache HTTP Server.
Disclosure Date: April 20, 2022 (last updated April 20, 2022)
A vulnerability in Jira Seraph allows a remote, unauthenticated attacker to bypass authentication by sending a specially crafted HTTP request. This affects Atlassian Jira Server and Data Center versions before 8.13.18, versions 8.14.0 and later before 8.20.6, and versions 8.21.0 and later before 8.22.0. This also affects Atlassian Jira Service Management Server and Data Center versions before 4.13.18, versions 4.14.0 and later before 4.20.6, and versions 4.21.0 and later before 4.22.0.
A remote code execution in Windows Codecs Library has been fixed by Microsoft with out-of-band patch on 30th June 2020.
The vulnerability allows attacker to remotely execute arbitrary code, if the victim opens maliciously crafted media file.
Access Bypass vulnerability in Drupal Core allows for an attacker to leverage the way that HTML is rendered for affected forms in order to exploit the vulnerability. This issue affects: Drupal Core 8.8.x versions prior to 8.8.10; 8.9.x versions prior to 8.9.6; 9.0.x versions prior to 9.0.6.
Combodo iTop is a web based IT Service Management tool. In versions prior to 2.7.6 and 3.0.0, users of the iTop user portal can send TWIG code to the server by forging specific http queries, and execute arbitrary code on the server using http server user privileges. This issue is fixed in versions 2.7.6 and 3.0.0. There are currently no known workarounds.