Disclosure Date: January 26, 2021 (last updated March 16, 2021)
Sudo before 1.9.5p2 contains an off-by-one error that can result in a heap-based buffer overflow, which allows privilege escalation to root via "sudoedit -s" and a command-line argument that ends with a single backslash character.
Disclosure Date: November 11, 2020 (last updated November 17, 2020)
CVE-2020-17087 is a pool-based buffer overflow vulnerability in the Windows Kernel Cryptography Driver (cng.sys). The vulnerability arises from input/output controller (IOCTL) 0x390400 processing and could allow a local attacker to escalate privileges, including for sandbox escape. The vulnerability was initially released as a zero-day by Google's Project Zero team; it was patched on November 10, 2020, as part of Microsoft's November 2020 Patch Tuesday release.
Disclosure Date: January 12, 2021 (last updated January 16, 2021)
CVE-2021-1647 is a zero-day remote code execution vulnerability in the Malware Protection Engine component (mpengine.dll) of Microsoft's Defender anti-virus product. It was published as part of the January 2021 Patch Tuesday release, along with a disclosure from Microsoft acknowledging that the vulnerability had been exploited in the wild. More information: https://msrc.microsoft.com/update-guide/en-US/vulnerability/CVE-2021-1647
Disclosure Date: October 17, 2019 (last updated June 05, 2020)
In Sudo before 1.8.28, an attacker with access to a Runas ALL sudoer account can bypass certain policy blacklists and session PAM modules, and can cause incorrect logging, by invoking sudo with a crafted user ID. For example, this allows bypass of !root configuration, and USER= logging, for a "sudo -u \#$((0xffffffff))" command.
Disclosure Date: August 17, 2020 (last updated August 28, 2020)
An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Print Spooler service improperly allows arbitrary writing to the file system, aka 'Windows Print Spooler Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability'.
Disclosure Date: June 09, 2020 (last updated July 24, 2020)
An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory, aka 'Windows Kernel Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability'. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2020-1237, CVE-2020-1246, CVE-2020-1262, CVE-2020-1264, CVE-2020-1266, CVE-2020-1269, CVE-2020-1273, CVE-2020-1274, CVE-2020-1275, CVE-2020-1276, CVE-2020-1307, CVE-2020-1316.