Disclosure Date: April 14, 2015 (last updated July 30, 2020)
HTTP.sys in Microsoft Windows 7 SP1, Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted HTTP requests, aka "HTTP.sys Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
Disclosure Date: August 09, 2019 (last updated February 13, 2020)
This vulnerability can be triggered by a specially crafted IP packet sent to the target device, even as a broadcast or multicast packet. It does not require any specific application or configuration to be running on the device, and it affects any device running VxWorks v6.9.4 or above with a network connection. The vulnerability causes a stack overflow in the handling of IP options in the IPv4 header, making it easy to reach RCE by it.
Disclosure Date: May 29, 2019 (last updated July 23, 2020)
Disclosure Date: March 12, 2020 (last updated July 24, 2020)
An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Graphics Component improperly handles objects in memory, aka 'Windows Graphics Component Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability'. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2020-0898.
Disclosure Date: September 04, 2020 (last updated September 10, 2020)
Upon installation, Cisco Jabber registers protocol handlers for a number of different protocols. These are used to tell the operating system that whenever a user clicks on a URL containing one of the custom protocols (e.g. ciscoim:email@example.com) the URL should be passed to Cisco Jabber. In this case, the protocol handlers specify that the URL should be passed as a command line flag.
These protocol handlers are vulnerable to command injection because they fail to consider URLs that contain spaces. By including a space in the URL, an attacker can inject arbitrary command line flags that will be passed to the application. Since the application uses CEF and accepts Chromium command line flags, several flags that can be used to execute arbitrary commands or load arbitrary DLLs exist. An example of such a flag is --GPU-launcher. This flag specifies a command that will be executed when CEFs GPU process is started.
This vulnerability can be combined with the XSS vulnerability to achieve code execution without transferring any files to the victim. This makes it possible to deliver malware without writing any files to disk, thus bypassing most antivirus software.
Drupal 8 and 9 have a reflected cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability under certain circumstances.
An attacker could leverage the way that HTML is rendered for affected forms in order to exploit the vulnerability.