Disclosure Date: January 26, 2021 (last updated March 16, 2021)
Sudo before 1.9.5p2 contains an off-by-one error that can result in a heap-based buffer overflow, which allows privilege escalation to root via "sudoedit -s" and a command-line argument that ends with a single backslash character.
Disclosure Date: November 11, 2020 (last updated November 17, 2020)
CVE-2020-17087 is a pool-based buffer overflow vulnerability in the Windows Kernel Cryptography Driver (cng.sys). The vulnerability arises from input/output controller (IOCTL) 0x390400 processing and could allow a local attacker to escalate privileges, including for sandbox escape. The vulnerability was initially released as a zero-day by Google's Project Zero team; it was patched on November 10, 2020, as part of Microsoft's November 2020 Patch Tuesday release.
Disclosure Date: July 30, 2020 (last updated August 28, 2020)
A flaw was found in grub2, prior to version 2.06. An attacker may use the GRUB 2 flaw to hijack and tamper the GRUB verification process. This flaw also allows the bypass of Secure Boot protections. In order to load an untrusted or modified kernel, an attacker would first need to establish access to the system such as gaining physical access, obtain the ability to alter a pxe-boot network, or have remote access to a networked system with root access. With this access, an attacker could then craft a string to cause a buffer overflow by injecting a malicious payload that leads to arbitrary code execution within GRUB. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to data confidentiality and integrity as well as system availability.
Disclosure Date: January 12, 2021 (last updated January 16, 2021)
CVE-2021-1647 is a zero-day remote code execution vulnerability in the Malware Protection Engine component (mpengine.dll) of Microsoft's Defender anti-virus product. It was published as part of the January 2021 Patch Tuesday release, along with a disclosure from Microsoft acknowledging that the vulnerability had been exploited in the wild. More information: https://msrc.microsoft.com/update-guide/en-US/vulnerability/CVE-2021-1647
Disclosure Date: October 16, 2020 (last updated October 22, 2020)
A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft SharePoint when the software fails to check the source markup of an application package, aka 'Microsoft SharePoint Remote Code Execution Vulnerability'. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2020-16951.
Disclosure Date: August 17, 2020 (last updated August 28, 2020)
An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Print Spooler service improperly allows arbitrary writing to the file system, aka 'Windows Print Spooler Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability'.
Disclosure Date: July 20, 2021 (last updated July 30, 2021)
fs/seq_file.c in the Linux kernel 3.16 through 5.13.x before 5.13.4 does not properly restrict seq buffer allocations, leading to an integer overflow, an Out-of-bounds Write, and escalation to root by an unprivileged user, aka CID-8cae8cd89f05.