Disclosure Date: January 26, 2021 (last updated March 16, 2021)
Sudo before 1.9.5p2 contains an off-by-one error that can result in a heap-based buffer overflow, which allows privilege escalation to root via "sudoedit -s" and a command-line argument that ends with a single backslash character.
Disclosure Date: November 11, 2020 (last updated November 17, 2020)
CVE-2020-17087 is a pool-based buffer overflow vulnerability in the Windows Kernel Cryptography Driver (cng.sys). The vulnerability arises from input/output controller (IOCTL) 0x390400 processing and could allow a local attacker to escalate privileges, including for sandbox escape. The vulnerability was initially released as a zero-day by Google's Project Zero team; it was patched on November 10, 2020, as part of Microsoft's November 2020 Patch Tuesday release.
Disclosure Date: July 30, 2020 (last updated August 28, 2020)
A flaw was found in grub2, prior to version 2.06. An attacker may use the GRUB 2 flaw to hijack and tamper the GRUB verification process. This flaw also allows the bypass of Secure Boot protections. In order to load an untrusted or modified kernel, an attacker would first need to establish access to the system such as gaining physical access, obtain the ability to alter a pxe-boot network, or have remote access to a networked system with root access. With this access, an attacker could then craft a string to cause a buffer overflow by injecting a malicious payload that leads to arbitrary code execution within GRUB. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to data confidentiality and integrity as well as system availability.
Disclosure Date: January 12, 2021 (last updated January 16, 2021)
CVE-2021-1647 is a zero-day remote code execution vulnerability in the Malware Protection Engine component (mpengine.dll) of Microsoft's Defender anti-virus product. It was published as part of the January 2021 Patch Tuesday release, along with a disclosure from Microsoft acknowledging that the vulnerability had been exploited in the wild. More information: https://msrc.microsoft.com/update-guide/en-US/vulnerability/CVE-2021-1647
Disclosure Date: May 04, 2021 (last updated May 08, 2021)
Dell dbutil_2_3.sys driver contains an insufficient access control vulnerability which may lead to escalation of privileges, denial of service, or information disclosure. Local authenticated user access is required.
Disclosure Date: October 16, 2020 (last updated October 22, 2020)
A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft SharePoint when the software fails to check the source markup of an application package, aka 'Microsoft SharePoint Remote Code Execution Vulnerability'. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2020-16951.