Disclosure Date: July 14, 2020 (last updated July 31, 2020)
A remote code execution vulnerability exists in .NET Framework, Microsoft SharePoint, and Visual Studio when the software fails to check the source markup of XML file input, aka '.NET Framework, SharePoint Server, and Visual Studio Remote Code Execution Vulnerability'.
Security researchers at Claroty [published details](https://www.claroty.com/2020/07/28/vpn-security-flaws/) on multiple pre-auth remote code execution vulnerabilities affecting virtual private network (VPN) implementations primarily used to provide remote access to operational technology (OT) networks. The vulnerabilities could allow unauthenticated attackers to execute arbitrary code.
Individual CVEs referenced in Claroty's research include CVE-2020-14500, CVE-2020-14508, CVE-2020-14510, CVE-2020-14512, CVE-2020-14511, and CVE-2020-14498. Affected products include Secomea GateManager, Moxa EDR-G902/3 industrial VPN servers, and eWon by HMS Networks.
Disclosure Date: June 03, 2020 (last updated August 03, 2020)
The avatar feature in Grafana 3.0.1 through 7.0.1 has an SSRF Incorrect Access Control issue. This vulnerability allows any unauthenticated user/client to make Grafana send HTTP requests to any URL and return its result to the user/client. This can be used to gain information about the network that Grafana is running on. Furthermore, passing invalid URL objects could be used for DOS'ing Grafana via SegFault.
Disclosure Date: July 22, 2020 (last updated July 29, 2020)
A vulnerability in the web services interface of Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software and Cisco Firepower Threat Defense (FTD) Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to conduct directory traversal attacks and read sensitive files on a targeted system. The vulnerability is due to a lack of proper input validation of URLs in HTTP requests processed by an affected device. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending a crafted HTTP request containing directory traversal character sequences to an affected device. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to view arbitrary files within the web services file system on the targeted device. The web services file system is enabled when the affected device is configured with either WebVPN or AnyConnect features. This vulnerability cannot be used to obtain access to ASA or FTD system files or underlying operating system (OS) files.
Disclosure Date: July 01, 2020 (last updated August 04, 2020)
In BIG-IP versions 15.0.0-22.214.171.124, 14.1.0-126.96.36.199, 13.1.0-188.8.131.52, 12.1.0-184.108.40.206, and 11.6.1-220.127.116.11, the Traffic Management User Interface (TMUI), also referred to as the Configuration utility, has a Remote Code Execution (RCE) vulnerability in undisclosed pages.
Disclosure Date: July 14, 2020 (last updated July 27, 2020)
A remote code execution vulnerability codenamed "SigRed" exists in Windows Domain Name System servers when they fail to properly handle requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the Local System Account. Windows servers that are configured as DNS servers are at risk from this vulnerability.
To exploit the vulnerability, an unauthenticated attacker could send malicious requests to a Windows DNS server.
The update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how Windows DNS servers handle requests.