Attacker Value
High
(1 user assessed)
Exploitability
Moderate
(1 user assessed)
User Interaction
None
Privileges Required
None
Attack Vector
Network
3

CVE-2023-20269

Disclosure Date: September 06, 2023
Exploited in the Wild
Add MITRE ATT&CK tactics and techniques that apply to this CVE.

Description

A vulnerability in the remote access VPN feature of Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software and Cisco Firepower Threat Defense (FTD) Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to conduct a brute force attack in an attempt to identify valid username and password combinations or an authenticated, remote attacker to establish a clientless SSL VPN session with an unauthorized user.

This vulnerability is due to improper separation of authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) between the remote access VPN feature and the HTTPS management and site-to-site VPN features. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by specifying a default connection profile/tunnel group while conducting a brute force attack or while establishing a clientless SSL VPN session using valid credentials. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to achieve one or both of the following:

Identify valid credentials that could then be used to establish an unauthorized remote access VPN session.
Establish a clientless SSL VPN session (only when running Cisco ASA Software Release 9.16 or earlier).

Notes:

Establishing a client-based remote access VPN tunnel is not possible as these default connection profiles/tunnel groups do not and cannot have an IP address pool configured.
This vulnerability does not allow an attacker to bypass authentication. To successfully establish a remote access VPN session, valid credentials are required, including a valid second factor if multi-factor authentication (MFA) is configured.

Cisco will release software updates that address this vulnerability. There are workarounds that address this vulnerability.

Add Assessment

1
Ratings
  • Attacker Value
    High
  • Exploitability
    Medium
Technical Analysis

Rapid7 observed pre-patch exploitation of this vulnerability from March through at least August of 2023. Several of the incidents our MDR team investigated ended in ransomware deployment. In September 2023, Cisco assigned CVE-2023-20269, which covers some of the attacker behavior Rapid7 incident responders observed: https://www.rapid7.com/blog/post/2023/08/29/under-siege-rapid7-observed-exploitation-of-cisco-asa-ssl-vpns/

CVSS V3 Severity and Metrics
Base Score:
9.1 Critical
Impact Score:
5.2
Exploitability Score:
3.9
Vector:
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N
Attack Vector (AV):
Network
Attack Complexity (AC):
Low
Privileges Required (PR):
None
User Interaction (UI):
None
Scope (S):
Unchanged
Confidentiality (C):
High
Integrity (I):
High
Availability (A):
None

General Information

Vendors

  • cisco

Products

  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.10,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.11,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.12,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.13,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.14,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.16,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.17,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.18,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.5,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.6,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.8,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.2.3.9,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.10,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.11,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.12,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.13,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.14,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.16,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.5,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.6,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.8,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.4.0.9,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.0,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.0.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.5,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.5.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.5.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.6.7.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.7.0,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.7.0.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.7.0.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 6.7.0.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.0,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.0.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.1.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.2.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.5,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.0.6,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.1.0,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.1.0.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.1.0.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.1.0.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.2.0,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.2.0.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.2.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.2.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.2.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.2.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.2.4.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.2.5,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.3.0,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.3.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 7.3.1.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.10.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.1.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.1.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.2.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.2.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.2.5,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.2.9,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.3.12,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.3.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.3.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.3.9,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.10,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.13,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.18,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.24,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.26,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.29,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.30,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.35,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.37,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.38,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.39,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.40,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.41,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.47,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.48,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.50,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.52,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.54,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.55,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.56,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.58,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.12.4.8,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.1.10,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.1.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.1.19,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.1.30,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.1.6,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.2.13,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.2.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.2.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.2.8,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.3.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.3.11,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.3.13,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.3.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.3.18,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.3.9,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4.12,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4.13,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4.14,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4.17,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4.22,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4.23,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4.6,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.14.4.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.15.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.15.1.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.15.1.10,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.15.1.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.15.1.16,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.15.1.17,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.15.1.21,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.15.1.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.1.28,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.2.11,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.2.13,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.2.14,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.2.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.2.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.3.14,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.3.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.3.19,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.3.23,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.3.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.4.14,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.4.18,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.4.19,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.4.27,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.4.38,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.16.4.9,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.17.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.17.1.10,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.17.1.11,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.17.1.13,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.17.1.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.17.1.20,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.17.1.30,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.17.1.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.17.1.9,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.1.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.2.5,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.2.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.2.8,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.3.39,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.3.46,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.3.53,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.18.3.55,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.19.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.19.1.12,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.19.1.18,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.19.1.5,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.19.1.9,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.1,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.1.5,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.1.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.14,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.17,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.20,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.24,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.26,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.28,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.33,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.35,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.38,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.2.8,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.3.11,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.3.14,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.3.16,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.3.18,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.3.21,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.3.26,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.3.29,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.3.8,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.10,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.12,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.15,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.17,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.20,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.22,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.25,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.26,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.29,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.3,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.32,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.33,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.34,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.35,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.39,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.40,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.41,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.43,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.44,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.45,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.46,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.48,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.7,
  • adaptive security appliance software 9.8.4.8,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.1,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.10,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.11,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.12,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.13,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.14,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.15,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.16,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.17,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.18,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.2,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.3,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.4,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.5,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.6,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.7,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.8,
  • firepower threat defense 6.2.3.9,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.1,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.10,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.11,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.12,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.13,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.14,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.15,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.16,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.2,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.3,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.4,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.5,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.6,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.7,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.8,
  • firepower threat defense 6.4.0.9,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.0,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.0.1,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.1,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.3,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.4,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.5,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.5.1,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.5.2,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.7,
  • firepower threat defense 6.6.7.1,
  • firepower threat defense 6.7.0,
  • firepower threat defense 6.7.0.1,
  • firepower threat defense 6.7.0.2,
  • firepower threat defense 6.7.0.3,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.0,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.0.1,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.1,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.1.1,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.2,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.2.1,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.3,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.4,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.5,
  • firepower threat defense 7.0.6,
  • firepower threat defense 7.1.0,
  • firepower threat defense 7.1.0.1,
  • firepower threat defense 7.1.0.2,
  • firepower threat defense 7.1.0.3,
  • firepower threat defense 7.2.0,
  • firepower threat defense 7.2.0.1,
  • firepower threat defense 7.2.1,
  • firepower threat defense 7.2.2,
  • firepower threat defense 7.2.3,
  • firepower threat defense 7.2.4,
  • firepower threat defense 7.2.4.1,
  • firepower threat defense 7.2.5,
  • firepower threat defense 7.3.0,
  • firepower threat defense 7.3.1,
  • firepower threat defense 7.3.1.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.1.2,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.1.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.2,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.2.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.2.4,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.2.5,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.2.9,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.3.12,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.3.2,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.3.7,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.3.9,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.10,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.13,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.18,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.2,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.24,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.26,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.29,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.30,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.35,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.37,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.38,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.39,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.4,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.40,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.41,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.47,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.48,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.50,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.52,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.54,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.55,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.56,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.58,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.7,
  • firepower threat defense 9.12.4.8,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.1.10,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.1.15,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.1.19,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.1.30,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.1.6,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.2,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.2.13,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.2.15,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.2.4,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.2.8,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.3.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.3.11,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.3.13,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.3.15,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.3.18,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.3.9,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4.12,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4.13,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4.14,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4.15,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4.17,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4.22,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4.23,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4.6,
  • firepower threat defense 9.14.4.7,
  • firepower threat defense 9.15.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.15.1.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.15.1.10,
  • firepower threat defense 9.15.1.15,
  • firepower threat defense 9.15.1.16,
  • firepower threat defense 9.15.1.17,
  • firepower threat defense 9.15.1.21,
  • firepower threat defense 9.15.1.7,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.1.28,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.2,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.2.11,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.2.13,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.2.14,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.2.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.2.7,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.3.14,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.3.15,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.3.19,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.3.23,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.3.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.4,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.4.14,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.4.18,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.4.19,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.4.27,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.4.38,
  • firepower threat defense 9.16.4.9,
  • firepower threat defense 9.17.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.17.1.10,
  • firepower threat defense 9.17.1.11,
  • firepower threat defense 9.17.1.13,
  • firepower threat defense 9.17.1.15,
  • firepower threat defense 9.17.1.20,
  • firepower threat defense 9.17.1.30,
  • firepower threat defense 9.17.1.7,
  • firepower threat defense 9.17.1.9,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.1.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.2,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.2.5,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.2.7,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.2.8,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.3.39,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.3.46,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.3.53,
  • firepower threat defense 9.18.3.55,
  • firepower threat defense 9.19.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.19.1.12,
  • firepower threat defense 9.19.1.18,
  • firepower threat defense 9.19.1.5,
  • firepower threat defense 9.19.1.9,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.1,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.1.5,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.1.7,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.14,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.15,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.17,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.20,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.24,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.26,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.28,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.33,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.35,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.38,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.2.8,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.3.11,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.3.14,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.3.16,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.3.18,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.3.21,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.3.26,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.3.29,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.3.8,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.10,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.12,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.15,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.17,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.20,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.22,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.25,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.26,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.29,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.3,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.32,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.33,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.34,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.35,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.39,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.40,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.41,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.43,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.44,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.45,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.46,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.48,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.7,
  • firepower threat defense 9.8.4.8

Additional Info

Technical Analysis