Attacker Value
Moderate
(1 user assessed)
Exploitability
Low
(1 user assessed)
User Interaction
Required
Privileges Required
None
Attack Vector
Network
3

CVE-2024-38112

Disclosure Date: July 09, 2024
Exploited in the Wild
Add MITRE ATT&CK tactics and techniques that apply to this CVE.
Execution
Techniques
Validation
Validated

Description

Windows MSHTML Platform Spoofing Vulnerability

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1
Ratings
Technical Analysis

Trend Micro reported this vulnerability to Microsoft after observing Void Banshee APT exploitation in the wild; the zero-day attack hinged on the premise that MHTML links would automatically open in the old Internet Explorer engine. Within the old engine context, HTA files will prompt to open by default, facilitating easier code execution. The threat actors were observed appending many spaces to the file name to misrepresent the secondary HTA file as a PDF in the IE pop-up box. Additionally, Check Point researcher Haifei Li is credited for a report that resulted in a “Defense-in-depth” patch for this chain, which is probably related to the HTA file name misrepresentation trick.

The process of exploitation would typically look like this:

  • An attacker site is visited or a phishing message is sent to the victim.
  • The victim downloads a malicious “.url” file that masquerades as a legitimate document.
  • The victim clicks the “.url” payload, opening the embedded “mhtml:” link and launching Internet Explorer.
  • The IE engine prompts the user to open the second-stage HTA file.
  • The victim clicks “open” on the pseudo-PDF prompt.
  • The victim clicks “Allow” on the IE security prompt for the “HTML Application host” execution.

In summary, the intent of this attack chain is to misrepresent and remove some security hurdles for malware execution on Windows. Successful exploitation does still require quite a bit of clicking through prompts by the user. However, this is likely enough to significantly increase execution numbers for the affiliated malware campaign, which was reported to be deploying information stealers.

CVSS V3 Severity and Metrics
Base Score:
7.5 High
Impact Score:
5.9
Exploitability Score:
1.6
Vector:
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
Attack Vector (AV):
Network
Attack Complexity (AC):
High
Privileges Required (PR):
None
User Interaction (UI):
Required
Scope (S):
Unchanged
Confidentiality (C):
High
Integrity (I):
High
Availability (A):
High

General Information

Vendors

  • microsoft

Products

  • windows 10 1507,
  • windows 10 1607,
  • windows 10 1809,
  • windows 10 21h2,
  • windows 10 22h2,
  • windows 11 21h2,
  • windows 11 22h2,
  • windows 11 23h2,
  • windows server 2008 -,
  • windows server 2012 r2,
  • windows server 2016,
  • windows server 2019,
  • windows server 2022,
  • windows server 2022 23h2

Exploited in the Wild

Reported by:

Additional Info

Technical Analysis